Glossary Terms and Acronyms
Water Resources and Equity
1% annual chance floodplain, (formerly 100-year floodplain):
The land within a community subject to a one (1) percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year. These areas are typically designated as a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Zone A, AE, AH, or AO on FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM Panels)
Remodeling an existing building to accommodate a new use or purpose other than what it was initially designed for.
Households whose total housing costs are deemed “affordable” to those whom have a median income. Housing Urban Development (HUD) guidelines for housing affordability is that housing costs including taxes, home insurance, and utility costs, do not exceed more than 30% of annual household gross income. Affordable housing programs include HOME Investment Partnerships Program, Self-help Homeownership Opportunity Program (SHOP), and Homeownership Zone Initiative (HOZ).
The legal process by which a city extends its boundaries.
Streets designed to carry large volumes of traffic and providing for efficient vehicular movement between large areas of the city. (Roswell, New Mexico)
For-profit companies certified by the nonprofit B Lab to meet rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparency.
Real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
Development that minimizes the effects of commercial, industrial, or intense residential development on nearby residential property (or the effects of new residential development on nearby existing commercial and industrial uses). Compatibility standards typically include regulationof building height, minimum and maximum building setbacks, buffers, building design, and controls to limit the impact of lighting on adjacent properties.
A roadway planned, designed and operated to enable safe access for all users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists and transit riders of all ages and abilities.
The reflection of our legacy through physical artifacts and intangible characteristics inherited from our ancestors and passed down from generation to generation.
An objective measurement of the number of people or residential units allowed per unit of land, such as residents or employees per acre.
The diversion of the city's capital investment and other resources away from core neighborhoods, creating areas with an environment that limits many residents' mobility and access to crucial important needs such as education, healthcare, recreation and job opportunities.
Edwards Aquifer Recharge Zone:
That area where the stratigraphic units constituting the Edwards Aquifer out crop, and including the outcrops of other formations in proximity to the Edwards Aquifer, where caves, sinkholes, faults, fractures, or other permeable features would create a potential for recharge of surface waters into the Edwards Aquifer. The recharge zone is identified as that area designated as such on official maps located in the offices of the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) and the Edwards Aquifer Authority.
The entry of development into an area that was previously occupied solely by another use, usually one that is incompatible with the encroaching use. An example of this is the spread of residential sprawl toward an airport or military base.
Floor area ratio (F:A:R:):
An expression of the amount of development (typically non-residential) allowed on a specific parcel of land. F.A.R. is calculated by dividing the total square footage of buildings on a site by the amount of site square footage
Areas that lack access to affordable fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat milk and other foods that make up the full range of a healthy diet. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
Buildings designed to amplify the positive and mitigate the negative effects that the built environment has on the natural environment, as well as the people who inhabit buildings every day.
An approach to water management that allows natural features, like trees and wetlands to manage water rather than adding more impervious surfaces and increasing the risk of flood and adding contaminants to the waterways.
Previously undeveloped sites.
Health Impact Assessment (HIA):
A means of assessing the health impacts of policies, plans and projects in diverse economic sectors using quantitative, qualitative and participatory techniques.
Housing reserved for occupancy or ownership by persons or households whose annual gross income does not exceed eighty (80) percent of the area median household gross income for households of the same size in the San Antonio metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban development in 24 C.F.R., Part 813.
Housing that is affordable, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, for either home ownership or rental, and that is occupied, reserved, or marketed for occupancy by households with a gross household income that is greater than 80 percent but does not exceed 120 percent of the median gross household income for households of the same size within the housing region in which the housing is located. (Growing Smart Legislative Guidebook)
Residential developments that promote accessibility to individuals of various income levels to encourage more economically integrated neighborhoods.
Housing that is affordable, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, for either home ownership or rental, and that is occupied, reserved, or marketed for occupancy by households with a gross household income that is greater than 50 percent but does not exceed 80 percent of the median gross household income for households of the same size within the housing region in which the housing is located. (Growth Smart Legislative Handbook)
Residential development on a single lot containing separate living units for five (5) or more families.
The development of vacant or partially developed parcels which are surrounded by or in close proximity to areas that are substantially or fully developed. (Golden, Colorado)
The way in which a parcel of land is used or occupied.
Development that incorporates both residential and nonresidential uses within a single structure.
Development that incorporates both residential and nonresidential uses within a single project
A connected transportation system that supports different modes of transportation such as private vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians, rail, public transit, or watercraft.
A zoning district prescribing regulations to be applied to a site in combination with a base zoning district.
Polycentric development pattern:
Having multiple dispersed centers of activity or development.
Premium Transit Corridor (also known as Rapid Transit Corridor):
An identified transportation connection between major centers of employment or activity in need of a transit investment, consisting of a bus or train operating in their own lane, allowing for faster travel speeds with more frequent service and fewer stops to avoid interruption by other traffic during rush hour.
Premium Transit Service (also known as High- Capacity Transit or Rapid Transit):
A fast network of buses and trains operating in their own lanes. Rapid transit differs from local bus service by operating at faster speeds with more frequent service and fewer stops without being interrupted by other traffic during rush hour.
Priority growth areas:
Areas where we can strategically focus employment and housing growth, aligning land use planning and infrastructure investment with economic development. Areas identified by the city include regional employment centers, mixed-use centers, areas of high land capacity for growth, underserved areas of the tity, land near the City Center, premium transit corridors and key arterial corridors.
The major activity and employment centers that are 1.5 to 15 square miles in size; currently have or are planned to have a total employment of at least 15,000 jobs; contain significant economic assets and/or major employers; and major City-initiated redevelopment or specific project plans. SA Tomorrow includes three (3) types of Regional Centers: Activity Centers, Logistics/Service Centers, and Special Purpose Centers.
The capacity for individuals, neighborhoods, and whole systems to not only survive but thrive despite disruptions and stresses. Resiliency refers to the ability of people, the places where they live, and the infrastructure they rely upon to withstand and quickly recover from a natural or other hazard.
A three-pronged planning effort established to implement the SA2020 vision through 2020 and beyond, and includes three concurrent and complementary plans: the updated Comprehensive Plan, a Sustainability Plan, and a Multimodal Transportation Plan. These plans all work in concert to guide the city toward smart, sustainable growth.
A community vision and movement born from a series of public forums in 2010 to develop goals for improving San Antonio by the year 2020.
The SPARK School Program works with schools and neighborhoods to develop community parks on public school grounds. SPARK Parks are available for public use during non-school hours and on weekends.
The flow of water which results from a rainfall event. (Temple Terrace, Fla.)
Community use of natural resources in a way that does not jeopardize the ability of future generations to live and prosper. (California Planning Roundtable)
Transit-Supportive Development (also known as Transit-Supportive Land Use):
Live-work-play style development organized around key transit stations with buildings designed for the pedestrian, numerous neighborhood amenities and services, and well-designed pedestrian, bicycle and transit friendly infrastructure. This walkable compact form provides residents choices on how they live and access their daily services, work and entertainment destinations.
Sites, uses and buildings that do not meet current market demand.
Land area that is not within the boundary of an incorporated city or town; and therefore, is under County jurisdiction.
Larger commercial and mixed-use centers with fewer than 15,000 employees that can vary in size and serve as community destinations for more than one neighborhood and are connected by attractive multimodal corridors, many of which include premium transit service.
Lands or buildings that are not actively used for any purpose. (California Planning Roundtable)
A request for permission to vary or depart from a requirement of the Municipal Code where, due to special conditions, a literal enforcement of the requirement will result in an unnecessary hardship. Variance requests from the zoning text and the sign ordinance are heard by the Board of Adjustments. The Planning Commission hears variance requests from the subdivision ordinance.
VIA Vision 2040:
VIA Metropolitan Transit’s Long Range Plan (adopted 8/23/216). Serving as a blueprint for the future of public transportation in the region, the plan outlines the community’s vision for transit development and underscores the importance of the region becoming multimodal to remain economically competitive.
A street safety policy that strives for the elimination of traffic fatalities for all transportation modes.
Characteristic of an area that is accessible or friendly to pedestrians. Factors that contribute to a walkable environment include comfortable and connected sidewalks or footpaths, leading to meaningful destinations that can be accessed by foot, wheelchair, or other mobilization device that is not classified as a vehicle. A walkable community will have a mix of land uses in close proximity.
The ways in which people orient themselves in physical space and navigate from place to place through the use of effective signage.
Alamo Area Council of Governments
Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing
Alamo Area Metropolitan Planning Organization
Affordable Care Act
Americans with Disabilities Act
Accessory Dwelling Units
Air Forces Cyber Command
Assessment of Fair Housing
Base Closure and Realignment Commission
Bus Rapid Transit
Bexar Regional Watershed Management
Build San Antonio Green
Capital Improvement Program
Cultural Landscape Inventory
Comprehensive Plan Advisory Group
Comprehensive Plan Committee (City Council Subcommittee)
Comprehensive Planning Program
U.S. Department of Defense
Edwards Aquifer Protection Program
Office of Sustainability's Energy Management Division
Floor Area Ratio
Historic and Design Review Commission
High Occupancy Vehicle
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Installation Complex Encroachment Management Action Plan
Institute for Cyber Security, University of Texas at San Antonio
Joint Base San Antonio
Joint Land Use Study
Low Impact Development
Level of Service
Light Rail Transit
Lone Star Rail District
Military Airport Overlay Zones
Military Influence Areas
Military Lighting Overlay District
Memorandums of Understanding
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Military Sound Attenuation Overlay
Military Transformation Task Force
North America Free Trade Agreement
Neighborhood Conservation District
National Highway Traffic Safety Association
Office of Historic Preservation
Pavement Condition Index
Plan Element Working Group
San Antonio Flood Emergency
San Antonio Housing Authority
San Antonio River Authority
San Antonio Water System
Single Occupancy Vehicle
Students Together Achieving Revitalization
Save for Tomorrow Energy Plan
Solid Waste Management Department
Southwest Regional Institute
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
Transportation & Capital Improvement Department
Transportation Demand Management
Transit Oriented Development
Unified Development Code
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Union Pacific Railroad
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Vehicle Miles Travelled